Core Courses


There are three courses identified as University Core Courses. These include two courses on Hinduism – HUC 5001 Principles of Hinduism, and HUC 5002 Practices of Hinduism, and one course in Sanskrit – HUC 5003 Basic Sanskrit. All three of these courses are required for Master’s, Advanced Diploma and Doctoral Degrees in Hinduism, Hindu Philosophies, Yoga Philosophy and Meditation, Yoga Education, and Divine Music. HUC 5001 Principles of Hinduism, and HUC 5003 Basic Sanskrit are required courses for Master’s and Advanced Diploma programs in Jyotiṣh, Ayurvedic Sciences, Sanskrit and Paurohitya; and for HUA Diploma programs in Gītā Studies, and Yoga Philosophy & Meditation. These requirements for various programs are shown in Table 1.

These core courses are designed to provide the students the essence of Hindu traditions and scriptural language for an overall understanding of Hindu tradition. These courses present an overall perspective and prepare the students for continued specialized studies through other courses in various programs.

HUC 5001 Principles of Hinduism                                                  3 credits

An overview of Hinduism – Perspectives of analysis and presentation in its name, meaning, characteristics; Hinduism source works – overview of basic Hindu scriptures; select reading from source scriptures like Veda’s, Upaniṣhads, Epics, Smṛiti’s, Bhagavad-Gītā, Purāṇas, Dharma-Śhāstras; life styles, profession and progression (Varṇa-Āśhrama Dharma, Jātii, Puruṣhārtha), rights and obligations (Dharma, Karma, Ṛiṇa, Pāpa, Puṇya, Svarga, Naraka), God, Demigods and incarnations (Avtāras); spirituality practices through four yoga paths Jñāna, Karma, Bhakti & Rāja; religious traditions inspired by Vedic practices – Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, subaltern religions; overview of major Hindu philosophical and faith traditions (six darśhanas, Āstika-Nāstika matas), Karma theory providing a vision beyond one unit of life-death cycle, one sacred book; concept of Yajña- Dāna-Tapas, Hindu scientific traditions, cultural and literary heritage

HUC 5002 Practices of Hinduism                                             3 credits

Pre-requisite HUC 5001- Principles of Hinduism. Concepts of principles in practices (Dharma and Karma-kāṇca ); Hindu saṃskāras & rituals as a way to understand the nature of Hinduism, Hindu calendar; world view and interaction of persons following different paths of yoga; written and unwritten rules of ritual, conduct and traditions, ethics and economics of Hinduism; Hindu-prayers; Hindu Temple, priest and activities; major Hindu festivals, observances, pilgrimages, sacred places, Hindu religious orders; understanding experiences of Hindus with non-Hindus; Hindu practices in the traditional wider world including Nepal and Bali –Diasporas.

HUC 5003   Basic Sanskrit                                                        3 credits

Philosophy of Sanskrit language, order of alphabets, devanāgari character design, Śiva sūtras, Śhikṣhā-Śhāstra, voicing and scripting devanāgari Sanskrit, linguistically and culturally elegant reading, writing and apprehending of devanāgari Sanskrit script in transliteration and digital media.

History of Sanskrit language grammars, dictionaries and learning methods (traditional and modern), transliteration issues, diacritical marks, distinction between classical Sanskrit and Vedic Sanskrit; computers and Sanskrit (software, programming), modern linguistics and Sanskrit, importance and contemporary relevance of Sanskrit studies.

Basic grammar covering – nature of Sanskrit word, usage of English – Sanskrit dictionary, noun and verb conjugations, metrical structures in prayers/mantras (used in temples and for chanting), introduction to euphonic combinations (Sandhi- rules), introduction to some of the basic declensional patterns of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, numbers, including gender, number, case-endings, the conjugational patterns of verbs (present, past and aorist), indeclinable words, prefixes, suffixes, formation of feminine bases, compounds, active and passive participles, voices, word-order, simple sentence formation and translation from Sanskrit to English and vice versa, (all with exercises), select readings from good sayings (subhāṣhitas) and classical works (like Rāmayaṇa, Mahābhārata, Kālidāsa’s works, Panchatantra), simple conversation in Sanskrit; daily prayers in Sanskrit; enactment of daily life situations using Sanskrit vocabulary by participants, amusement-learning games using Sanskrit, story building with pictures in Sanskrit; a program in Sanskrit designed, enacted and composed by participants at the end of the course (for intensives).

HUC 5004 Research Methodology                                          3  credits

Objectives of this proposed course include Skills needed for doctoral level research in religious studies, philosophies, yoga, Ayurveda, Jyotish and allied topics; Methods for literature search; Writing skills needed for research papers and research theses; Formulation of hypotheses, objective analysis, and arriving at conclusions; Citation of adequate references to support documented research work; and How to make sure that research theses do not sound like “preaching.” This is a required course for all doctoral students at HUA, and needs to be completed before Doctoral Qualifying Examination.

Course Outline

  1.  Foundations of Research – What is research; Scientific method; Research and theory; Conceptual or theoretical models.
  2.  Social Science Research – Meaning and scope; Objectivity; Limitations of social science research; Ethics in social science research.
  3. Types & Methods of Research – Classification of research, pure and applied research; Exploratory or formulative research; Descriptive research; Diagnostic research; Evaluative studies; Action research; Experimental research; Analytical study & statistical method; Historical research; Surveys; Case Studies; Field studies; Steps in research.
  4. Review of Literature – Need for reviewing literature; What to review and for what purpose; Literature search procedure; Sources of literature; Planning the review work; Note-taking.
  5. Planning of Research – The planning process; Selection of a problem for research; Formulation of the selected problem; Hypothesis; Concepts; Measurement; research design or plan.
  6. Sampling – Sampling techniques or methods; Sample design and choice of sampling techniques; Sample size; Sampling and non-sampling errors.
  7. Collection of data – Meaning and importance of data; sources of data; Use of secondary data; Methods of collecting primary data; Observation; Experimentation; Simulation; Interviewing, Panel Method; Mail survey; Projective Techniques, Sociometry; Content analysis.
  8. Tools for Data Collection – Types of tools; Construction of schedules and questionnaires; Measurement scales and indices; Pilot studies and pretests.
  9. Field Work – The nature of field work; selection and training of investigators; Sampling frame and sample selection; Field operation; Field administration.
  10. Processing of Data – Editing; Classification and coding; transcription; Tabulation; Graphic representation.
  11. Statistical Analysis of Data – Statistical analysis; Measures of central tendency; Measures of dispersion; easures of association/relationship; multivariate analysis; Hypothesis testing; Tests of significance; time series analysis.
  12. Report Writing – Types of reports; Planning report-writing; Research report format; Principles of writing; Documentation footnotes and bibliography; writing/typing the report; Briefing; Evaluation of research report.


Textbook for the course Krishnaswami, O. R., “Methodology of Research in Social Sciences,” Mumbai (India) Himalaya Publishing House (, 1993; ISBN 81-7866-132-2.


Supplementary texts

  1. Claire Hewson, Peter Yule, Dianna Laurent, & Carl Vogel, “Internet Research Methods A Practical Guide for the Social and Behavioural Sciences (New Technologies for Social Research),” London sage Publications, 2003; ISBN 0 7619 5959 X.
  2. Reddy, C.R., “Research Methodology in Social Sciences,” Daya Publication House (India) 1987; ISBN 81-7035-030-1.
  3. Tucker, Dennis C., “Research Techniques for Scholars and Students in Religion and Theology,” Medford, N.J. Information Today, 2000.
  4. Barber Cyril J. and Robert M. Krauss Jr., “An Introduction to Theological Research A Guide for College and Seminary Students,” 2d ed. Lanham, Md. University Press of America, 2000. (Ref BR 118 .B28 2000)


    • Course available in online-education mode
    • Grading based on responses to questions for each module (50 % weightage) and a term-paper describing how the research methodology learned in this course could be used in the proposed research area for student’s thesis (50% weightage)
    • For further details, please contact


Core Course Requirements for Various HUA Programs



Program Degree HUC 5001 HUC 5002 HUC 5003 HUC 5004
Hinduism Master’s/ Adv. Diploma
Hinduism Diploma
Gītā Diploma


Hindu Philosophies Master’s/ Adv. Diploma


Yoga Philosophy & Meditation Master’s/ Adv. Diploma


Yoga Education Master’s/ Adv.




Vedic Astrology Master’s/ Adv.



Ayurvedic Sciences Master’s/ Adv.



Divine Music Masters/ Adv. Diploma


Sanskrit Master’/s Adv. Diploma


Paurohitya Master’s/ Adv.